GUDHI Python module documentation¶
Introduction¶
The Python interface for the Gudhi library (Geometry Understanding in Higher Dimensions) is a generic open source Python module, for Computational Topology and Topological Data Analysis (TDA). The GUDHI library intends to help the development of new algorithmic solutions in TDA and their transfer to applications. It provides robust, efficient, flexible and easy to use implementations of stateoftheart algorithms and data structures.
The current release of the GUDHI library includes:
 Data structures to represent, construct and manipulate simplicial complexes.
 Simplification of simplicial complexes by edge contraction.
 Algorithms to compute persistent homology and bottleneck distance.
We refer to [3] for a detailed description of the design of the library.
Data structures¶
Alpha complex¶





Eigen3 
Alpha_complex is a simplicial complex constructed from the finite cells of a Delaunay Triangulation. The filtration value of each simplex is computed as the square of the circumradius of the simplex if the circumsphere is empty (the simplex is then said to be Gabriel), and as the minimum of the filtration values of the codimension 1 cofaces that make it not Gabriel otherwise. All simplices that have a filtration value strictly greater than a given alpha squared value are not inserted into the complex. This package requires having CGAL version 4.7 or higher (4.8.1 is advised for better performance). 

Alpha complex user manual  Alpha complex reference manual 
Cover complexes¶





Nerves and Graph Induced Complexes are cover complexes, i.e. simplicial complexes that provably contain topological information about the input data. They can be computed with a cover of the data, that comes i.e. from the preimage of a family of intervals covering the image of a scalarvalued function defined on the data.  
Cover complexes user manual  Cover complexes reference manual 
Cubical complex¶



The cubical complex is an example of a structured complex useful in computational mathematics (specially rigorous numerics) and image analysis.  
Cubical complex user manual 
Rips complex¶



Rips complex is a simplicial complex constructed from a one skeleton graph. The filtration value of each edge is computed from a usergiven distance function and is inserted until a usergiven threshold value. This complex can be built from a point cloud and a distance function, or from a distance matrix. 

Rips complex user manual  Rips complex reference manual 
Simplex tree¶



The simplex tree is an efficient and flexible data structure for representing general (filtered) simplicial complexes. The data structure is described in [4] 

Simplex tree user manual  Simplex tree reference manual 
Tangential complex¶





Eigen3 
A Tangential Delaunay complex is a simplicial complex designed to reconstruct a \(k\)dimensional manifold embedded in \(d\) dimensional Euclidean space. The input is a point sample coming from an unknown manifold. The running time depends only linearly on the extrinsic dimension \(d\) and exponentially on the intrinsic dimension \(k\).  
Tangential complex user manual  Tangential complex reference manual 
Witness complex¶





Eigen3 
Witness complex \(Wit(W,L)\) is a simplicial complex defined on two sets of points in \(\mathbb{R}^D\). The data structure is described in [4]. 

Witness complex user manual 
Toolbox¶
Bottleneck distance¶





Bottleneck distance measures the similarity between two persistence diagrams. It’s the shortest distance b for which there exists a perfect matching between the points of the two diagrams (+ all the diagonal points) such that any couple of matched points are at distance at most b.  
Bottleneck distance user manual 
Persistence cohomology¶



The theory of homology consists in attaching to a topological space a sequence of (homology) groups, capturing global topological features like connected components, holes, cavities, etc. Persistent homology studies the evolution – birth, life and death – of these features when the topological space is changing. Consequently, the theory is essentially composed of three elements: topological spaces, their homology groups and an evolution scheme. Computation of persistent cohomology using the algorithm of [5] and [6] and the Compressed Annotation Matrix implementation of [7]. 

Persistent cohomology user manual  Please refer to each data structure that contains persistence feature for reference: 
Persistence graphical tools¶





Numpy 
These graphical tools comes on top of persistence results and allows the user to build easily barcode and persistence diagram.  
Persistence graphical tools user manual  Persistence graphical tools reference manual 
Bibliography¶
[1]  T. Kaczynski, K. Mischaikow, and M. Mrozek. Computational Homology. Applied Mathematical Sciences. Springer New York, 2004. ISBN 9780387408538. URL: https://books.google.fr/books?id=AShKtpi3GecC. 
[2]  Hubert Wagner, Chao Chen, and Erald Vucini. Efficient Computation of Persistent Homology for Cubical Data, pages 91–106. Mathematics and Visualization. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/9783642231759_7, doi:10.1007/9783642231759_7. 
[3]  Clément Maria, JeanDaniel Boissonnat, Marc Glisse, and Mariette Yvinec. The Gudhi library: simplicial complexes and persistent homology. In ICMS. 2014. 
[4]  (1, 2) JeanDaniel Boissonnat and Clément Maria. The simplex tree: an efficient data structure for general simplicial complexes. Algorithmica, pages 1–22, 2014. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s0045301498873, doi:10.1007/s0045301498873. 
[5]  Vin de Silva, Dmitriy Morozov, and Mikael VejdemoJohansson. Persistent cohomology and circular coordinates. Discrete & Computational Geometry, 45(4):737–759, 2011. 
[6]  Tamal K. Dey, Fengtao Fan, and Yusu Wang. Computing topological persistence for simplicial maps. CoRR, 2012. 
[7]  JeanDaniel Boissonnat, Tamal K. Dey, and Clément Maria. The compressed annotation matrix: an efficient data structure for computing persistent cohomology. In ESA, 695–706. 2013. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/9783642404504_59, doi:10.1007/9783642404504_59. 